A date which still lives in infamy

The U.S.S. Arizona, sinking after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941.

On a balmy Sunday morning, 71 years ago today, aircraft launched from carriers of the empire of Japan darkened the skies in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, attacking U.S. Navy and Army bases there and attempting to cripple the Pacific fleet. The sneak attack thrust the United States finally into a war that had consumed the globe, a war this country would play a decisive role in winning.

Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the planner of the Pearl Harbor attack, was said to have reservations about bringing the United States into the war, fearing Japan could not win a sustained battle against the U.S. He was correct, but victory would come at a steep cost in lives, and not for four years. When it finally came, through the intense flash of an atomic bomb, a new and terrible era of warfare had dawned, one that gave even the admirals who’d won the Pacific conflict deep reservations.

But on Dec. 8, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt came before Congress to seek a declaration of war against Japan. That speech, though brief, was eloquent in its simplicity and determination. I reprint it here in its entirety:

Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives:

Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 — a date which will live in infamy — the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.

The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.

Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.

It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.

The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.

Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.

Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.

Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.

Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.

Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.

And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.

Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation.

As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.

No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.

I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.

Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.

With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph — so help us God.

I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.

6 Responses to “A date which still lives in infamy”

  1. ColinFromLasVegas says:

    Enjoyed the article, Steve. Just to add to it, Admiral Yamamoto had stated that he feared “waking up a sleeping giant” due to this sneak attack. It proved to be prophetic.

    I have been to the Pearl Harbor Memorial quite a few times. Besides the fact it is a somber and fitting memorial of that day and all the lives lost, I was struck by the oil which still bubbles up from the USS ARIZONA. To this day, oil still minutely leaks from it to the surface.

    As a retired U.S. Navy Veteran, I remember coming into Pearl Harbor on various ships and rendering honors passing it. As an aside, it is the only ship which is still treated as if it were an active commissioned ship of the line in the U.S. Navy….and it’s actually a sunken war memorial.

    The military who gave their lives from that Day of Infamy will always be in my prayers. May they never be forgotten for the ultimate sacrifice they gave to their country.

  2. I was going to attribute that remark to Adm. Yamamoto, but couldn’t find authentication. Apparently, the letter in which he allegedly made the remark (quoted in the film “Tora! Tora! Tora!” and other films) has never been found. But even if he never said it, he certainly had well-founded misgivings about the sustainability of the war, misgivings which caught up to him on April 18, 1943 in the form of a squadron of P-38 Lightenings. Payback, then as now, was a bitch.

  3. ColinFromLasVegas says:

    Very true, Steve. That remark has always been attributed to have been uttered by him, but there is no proof. But I’m sure he saw the handwriting on the wall.

    As another aside, one of the duty stations I worked at on Oahu (NCTAMS EASTPAC in Wahiawa) still owned a fenced off site which was a part of Day of Infamy history. On the northwest part of the island is a small hill called Opana, which is no longer in use for anything, but still belongs to the U.S. Navy. This was a radar installation that actually saw the first wave of Japanese planes come in on December 7th. And reported it. It was either waved off and ignored or thought to be a flight of B-17s coming in.

  4. Jerry Sturdivant says:

    The living history of the beginnings of WWII was very real to me. When I lived in the San Francisco Bay Area I remember the sounds of a squadron of B-24s (or B-17s) flying overhead, in harm’s way, on their way to the far Pacific. I’ve looks through the murky waters at the Arizona. I saw a beached Japanese ship, rusting on the shore of Wake Island. I was on Guam as there were a few Japanese soldiers still hiding in its jungle. And I was on a navy bus, as we all went quite, driving through a sea of white crosses in a Philippine military graveyard near Clark air force Base. They all live in infamy; in my heart and mind.

  5. Steve says:

    Checking out at the supermarket today. Commented to the cashier the reason for the flags at half staff. She asked why the flags were at half staff and I had to detail the reason. She is young and just out of high school.

    Driving out of the parking lot I saw a Terribles gas station. The flag was full staff.

    So will this day truly live in infamy? Not if the young continue to forget, or are never even taught in the first place.

    At least I spread the word to one person today…

  6. Steve says:

    Colin, it was “waking up a sleeping tiger” Not giant.